Monday, April 11, 2016

Airport Design Standards

AIRPORTS   DESIGNING 
 
   
BEHIND THE SCENES: Airport are the amazing small cities providing all sort of services to all sort of people and companies.It also provide services to Airlines , private Pilot and freight carriers. In today's world Airports are playing a major role in every ways . 
 
   
AIRPORTS EVOLUTION
 
            
EARLY AirPORTS: Since the earliest days of Flying  Airport complexity and scale have increased. Before world war 2 landing and take off distance was at 600m. Total Airport rarely exceeded to 500 Acres
 
             
AIRPORTS  TODAY: Majority of the Airports in the world are still relatively simple facilities

1) Unpaved Runways
2) Small Terminal / Administration Building
3) Rudimentary control towers 
         
Such Airports deal with light Aircraft. They are characterized by low Aviation Operation activities
 
              
MODERN AIRPORTS: 

These are complex structure which can handle more than 10 million passengers per year. Served by large Air transport Aircrafts, B747, A 380 etc. located in the main centers of the population. Have extensive ground and support facilities such as: Runways, taxiways, fire fighting etc
 
 DESIGNING AN AIRPORTS  TERMINAL
 
 
   
In designing an Airport terminal , the factor considered are

1) Passenger volume
2) Types of passenger
 
 
Passenger classification

1) business or leisure
2) schedule or charter
3)originating or destined
4) transfer or transit
 
 The passenger terminal building is the major connection between  Airport access and the Aircraft. The design of the terminal building determines the Airport managements efficiency and capability
 
Passenger terminal handling system has three main process
 
1) Access interface
2) Passenger processing
3) Flight interface
 
  
Passenger terminal design concepts are
 
1)Centralized: all passenger processing facilities are housed on one building
2)Decentralized: all passenger processing facilities are housed on one or more building
 
 
The next important thing in designing an Airport is the :

AIRPORTS  DRAINAGE SYSTEM
 
 
A well design Airport drainage system is most important as
1) Operational safety
2) Efficiency
3) Pavement durability
 
 
Inadequate drainage facilities may result in:

1) costly damage due to flooding
2)erosion 
3) Serious hazards to Air traffic
 
 
Due to environmental concern Airport are require to provide proper sewerage systems, treat all runoff discharges and etc.So designing an Airport should be in a very proper systematic order to get an efficient output.

 AIRPORTS DESIGNING

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Ayushi Upadhyay   [BBA Aviation]
Aviation Law Advisor



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